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The U. The tumultuous year of may be over, but the coronavirus pandemic and the ificant financial insecurity facing many women and their families are not. Over the course of the first 10 months of the pandemic, women—particularly women of color—have lost more jobs than men as industries dominated by women have been hit the hardest. But these outcomes are not inevitable. The COVID recession is different from past economic downturns and will require different solutions than traditional recovery responses. Women and their families urgently need bold, structural policy changes that prioritize their economic security in order to ensure a broad and deep recovery—one on which the success of the entire U.
Before the pandemic-induced recession, economic precarity was already a reality for many women and their families. In These groups are also disproportionately concentrated in jobs in the service and care sectors, which are often considered essential but poorly paid. Women are more likely to be shouldered with a wide range of family caregiving responsibilities—including caring for children at home, handling household needs, coordinating appointments and activities, and more—causing them to pay an economic price.
Child care has long been severely underfunded, leaving child care providers with razor-thin budget margins, child care workers with low pay, and many families without access to affordable, quality care. Inonly 21 percent of civilian workers had access to paid family leave to care for their families, 24 and Black and Hispanic workers are less likely than white workers to have access.
These challenges are especially hard for many women of color, who are more likely to work in jobs that pay less, have fewer benefits, and have less access to child care while navigating the combined effects of racial, ethnic, and gender bias. Although women of color often perform essential work in the economy, they are rarely treated with the dignity such work deserves.
More than two-thirds of Black mothers and Women have been the most severely affected by the pandemic-induced recession, from job losses to caregiving challenges. The long-standing lack of policies or a social safety net to support women and families combined with the chaotic and deeply flawed management of the coronavirus pandemic and resulting economic recession have only pushed millions of women into further financial hardship.
The outsize impact of this recession on women has been clear and dramatic from the start. Every recession has affected the financial markets or goods-producing sectors, where men hold the majority of jobs, contributing to their disproportionate job loss.
These combined crises mean that for the first time ever, women have lost the majority of jobs during a recession. The shutdowns and physical distancing required by the pandemic and the corresponding decline in economic activity have affected certain industries—often low-wage jobs with high-customer interaction—in which women are disproportionately employed.
The latest surge in cases looks set to amplify these trends in the coming months. Overall, women have lost a net of 5. In addition to job losses caused by business closures and other labor market pressures, women have been forced out of work due to the pull of caregiving demands at home. The collapse of care networks during the pandemic—from closed child care providers to schools shifting to virtual or hybrid learning—and the surge in sick family members who require care have increased the already unequal division of unpaid care work borne by women and harmed their ability to participate in the labor force.
In September alone,women—nearly four times the of men—dropped out of the labor force. Women of color have faced a more extreme nexus of challenges during the pandemic. Many women of color work in jobs deemed essential, having to go to work despite risks to their health and safety—even if they are sick—because they provide vital financial support for their families.
On the other end of the spectrum, women of color have borne the brunt of pandemic-related job losses, with sharply higher rates of unemployment compared with white women.
Latinas have experienced some of the worst outcomes in the recession. With Black women have also seen high unemployment rates and s of a stagnant recovery. They are concentrated in industries with ificant job losses, such as the education and health services industry, where 42 percent of Black women were employed inand in government.
While the U. Bureau of Labor Statistics does not publish seasonally adjusted data for Asian women in its monthly jobs report, the unadjusted s reveal a deeper recession and slower recovery for this group. Before the pandemic, Asian women had one of the lowest unemployment rates at 3 percent, but this group experienced the greatest change in unemployment during the recession, peaking at While some Asian Americans are concentrated in high-wage professional and management occupations, others who are concentrated in low-wage service sector occupations—such as Filipino and Vietnamese Ladies seeking sex Glynn fared worse than shown in the aggregate data.
As policymakers consider additional relief and stimulus measures to address the pandemic-induced recession, they must take the opportunity to envision a better future and ensure any economic recovery plan includes structural policy solutions that change the status quo and address persistent inequalities.
A durable social safety net, created through effective, permanent policies and increased investment—not austerity—will ensure women, their families, and the entire U. The following policy solutions provide a high-level summary of solutions women need to recover from the pandemic and de a future that supports their work and caregiving.
First, policymakers must address immediate needs related to the coronavirus pandemic and the resulting recession. Solutions should include immediate relief, such as:. But in order to create a better, more equitable future, Congress and the federal government must also:.
These progressive solutions provide a guidepost for policymakers to center women in recovery efforts by ensuring they receive immediate relief and long-term economic reforms, including support for caregiving and strong workplace protections and benefits. With the U. The lessons from a devastating pandemic and recession clearly show that inaction only creates greater financial insecurity, poverty, and inequality.
Policymakers must heed this hard lesson and use the opportunity to increase investment, build a robust social safety net, and ensure all workers have fair wages and strong workplace protections and benefits. The success of women, families, and the entire U. To find the latest CAP resources on the coronavirus, visit our coronavirus resource. Download the PDF here.Ladies seeking sex Glynn
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